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Locations and Events 

This section will include key locations and events associated with the Underground Railroad movement, categorised in four sections: USA, Canada (British North America), Britain and Other Countries. These are followed by the Sources and Further Reading references.

 

  USA SECTION
 
  Connecticut
    Farmington

The majority of Farmington residents were abolitionists and were active in aiding escaped slaves. Several homes in the town were "safe houses" on the Underground Railroad. The town became known as "Grand Central Station" among escaped slaves and their "guides".

Farmington played an important role in the famous Amistad trial. In 1841, 38 Mende Africans and Cinqué, the leader of the revolt on the Amistad slave ship, were housed and educated in Farmington after the U.S. government refused to provide for their return to Africa following the trial. The Mende were educated in English and Christianity while funds were raised by residents for their return to Africa.

   
  Delaware
    Odessa Odessa, Delaware served as an important stop for fugitive slaves in pursuit of freedom. Harriet Tubman, the famous runaway slave from Maryland who became one of the most productive conductors on the Underground Railroad, is known to have used “stations” in Camden, Dover, Blackbird, Middletown, Odessa, and New Castle in Delaware. Because of its central location, Odessa played a pivotal role in the entire network through Delaware.
 
    Wilmington The city of Wilmington, with prominent abolitionist Thomas Garrett, myriad seaman, stevedores, and willing conductors as residents, served as the final stop to freedom for fugitive slaves before Philadelphia and New Jersey. After the second Fugitive Slave Law 1850, requiring free citizens and lawmen alike to aid in the capture of escaped slaves in the free states, the city could not be seen any longer as the last stop before freedom, but an important resting point before the second leg of a very long journey to Canada.
   
  District of Columbia
    Washington DC  
   
  Florida
    Franklin County (British Fort)  
    St. John's County (Fort Mose)  
   
  Illinois
    Alton  
    Charleston  
    Chester  
    Chicago  
    Freeport  
    Galesburg  
    Jonesboro  
    Ottawa  
    Princeton  
    Quincy  
    Rock Island  
    Sparta  
   
  Indiana
    Fountain City  
    Indianapolis  
    Lancaster  
   
  Iowa
    Keosauqua  
    Lewis  
    Salem  
    Tabor  
    West Des Moines  
   
  Kansas
    Osawatomie  
   
  Maine
    Brunswick  
   
  Maryland
    Cambridge  
    Samples Manor  
    Tuckahoe District  
   
  Massachusetts
    Boston  
    Brookline  
    Concord  
    New Bedford  
    Northampton  
    Newton  
   
  Michigan
    Detroit  
    Schoolcraft  
   
  New Jersey
    Greenwich  
    Lawnside Borough  
    Mountain Lakes  
    Syracuse  
    Woolwich Township  
   
  New York
    Auburn  
    Brooklyn  
    Ithaca  
    Lake Placid  
    Peterboro  
    Tarrytown  
   
  Ohio
    Ashtabula  
    Cincinnati  
    Greenville  
    Marengo  
    Massillon  
    Mt. Pleasant  
    Ripley  
    Oberlin  
    Salem  
    Sandusky  
    Zanesville  
     
  Pennsylvania
    Chadds Ford  
    Chambersburg  
    Kennett Square  
    Philadelphia  
    Phoenixville  
    Reading  
    Washington  
   
  Vermont
    Ferrisburgh  
   
  Virginia
    Alexandria  
   
  West Virginia
    Charles Town  
    Harper's Ferry  
   
  Wisconcin
    Burlington  
    Milton  
   
  CANADA (BRITISH NORTH AMERICA) SECTION
    Amherstburg, Ontario Amherstburg had a vital role in transporting slaves to freedom across the Detroit River. Abolitionist Levi Coffin, during a tour of Upper Canada in 1844, described Amherstburg as the principal terminal settlement in Canada of the Underground Railroad.
    Chatham, Ontario  
    Dawn-Euphemia, Ontario  
    Dresden, Ontario  
    Elgin County, Ontario  
    North Buxton, Ontario  
    Puce, Lakeshore, Ontario  
    St. Catherines, Ontario  
    Toronto, Ontario  
   
  BRITAIN SECTION
    Bristol  
    Liverpool  
    London  
   
  OTHER COUNTRIES SECTION
   
   
   

 

  SOURCES and Further Reading

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Underground_Railroad (Notable Locations Section)

http://www.whispersofangels.com/index.html

http://www.bluetoad.com/display_article.php?id=40660

Hudson J. Blaine, 'Encyclopedia of The Underground Railroad'. Published by McFarland & Company Inc, 2006.

 

 


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